What is a High Tibial Osteotomy?
Over time, poor alignment, deformity or arthritis can damage the menisci, two disc-like areas of cartilage that are located on the outer and inner sides of the knee joint. When one or both of the menisci suffer trauma, bone becomes improperly cushioned and the knee can become inflamed. Severe pain, swelling and immobility may result from the degeneration of the menisci.
To address this issue and the secondary complications it causes, many patients undergo a high tibial osteotomy (also commonly referred to as an “HTO”). During an HTO, a surgeon trims the shin bone near the knee joint before carefully rearranging the bone and sealing it in place with a metal plate. By angling the bone, orthopedic surgeons can shift the burden of body weight to a healthy part of the knee joint and relieve the damaged region of the knee. After an HTO, patients generally experience better alignment and experience less pain than before the procedure.
Our Treatment Approach
At OrthoCARE Institute, our experienced orthopedic surgeons recommend non-surgical, conservative treatments as often as possible. For many patients, strategic physical therapy, lifestyle changes and non-invasive pain management techniques can be very effective. Men and women with severe, progressive arthritis or malalignment may require surgical intervention to obtain optimal healing.
During your initial visit at OrthoCARE Institute, one of our knowledgeable orthopedists will carefully and compassionately evaluate your physical state, the severity of your symptoms and your medical history. Diagnostic tests or imaging, such as X-rays, CT scans or MRIs, may be performed to acquire a comprehensive understanding of your condition. This will also allow us to create a personalized treatment plan that fits your unique goals and needs.
High tibial osteotomy procedures are generally most successful for patients with cartilage deterioration that is confined to one area of the knee joint. If non-operative treatments prove insufficient, HTO surgery can be an important step in maintaining knee stability and avoiding a total knee replacement.
After HTO surgery, you can expect to be on crutches for a short period of time. Rest, limited activity and physical therapy, as directed by your doctor, will help ensure your revitalized knee heals properly and functions as well as possible.
The OrthoCARE team is fully committed to helping you regain your quality of life and restore your well-being. If you have any questions or comments about high tibial osteotomy procedures or OrthoCARE Institute, please do not hesitate to get in touch by calling us directly at 972-573-7802 or filling out the form on our Contact Us page. We look forward to speaking with you!