What is Arthritis of the Hip?

  • Osteoarthritis most common form in the hip
  • Genetics believed to play a role in development of the condition
  • Treated non-surgically or with surgery

There are more than 100 types of arthritis. It can impact several joints throughout the body at the same time. Inflammatory arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues. Organs such as skin, eyes and heart can also be affected. There are three types of inflammatory arthritis:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus.

The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum and the ball is the femoral head. Articular cartilage, a slippery tissue, covers the surface of the ball and socket. It creates a smooth surface that helps the bones easily move across each other. The surface of the hip joint is covered by a lubricating fluid known as the synovium.

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammation of the spine that may affect the hip.

With Rheumatoid arthritis, the synovium thickens, swells and produces chemical substances that attack and destroy the articular cartilage cover the bone. Many times, this condition involves the same joint on both sides of the body, affecting both hips.

Systemic lupus erythematosus usually causes inflammation in joints, skin and nervous system. A majority of cases are seen in young women. People with this condition have a higher incidence of osteonecrosis of the hip, a disease which causes bone cells to die, weakens bone structure and leads to disabling arthritis.

Our Treatment Approach

Lumin OrthoCARE experts treat many patients with Inflammatory Arthritis of the Hip every day. Your physician will ask you about your health history and will examine your hips for issues with range of motion, movement pain, limping or other issues related to stiffness. They will also order X-rays to obtain images of the bones of your hip. Blood tests may also be ordered.

There is no cure for inflammatory arthritis, but there are a number of treatment options including non-surgical and surgical interventions.

Non-surgical approaches include:

  • Over-the-counter and prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications
  • Corticosteroids
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
  • Physical therapy
  • Assistive devices

Surgical approaches may be suggested if non-surgical treatments do not relieve your pain:

  • Total hip replacement
  • Synovectomy

Your physician will discuss with you the best surgical treatment based on your specific medical condition. They will also explain the procedure, the recovery time and any potential side effects.

Causes

The exact cause of inflammatory arthritis is not known. However, there is some evidence that genetics plays a role in the development of some forms of the disease.

Symptoms

  • General symptoms such as fever, loss of appetite and fatigue
  • Painful, stiff hip
  • Dull, aching pain in the groin, outer thigh, knee or buttocks
  • Varying intensity of pain – worse in the morning or after being inactive, better with activity
  • Greater pain and stiffness with vigorous activity
  • Severe pain in the joint, causing limping or affecting your gaite

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